Home > dinosaurs, paleontology > Remains of oldest horned dinosaur in North America found

Remains of oldest horned dinosaur in North America found

This artist's conception shows Aquilops americanus in its early Cretaceous period ecosystem. Image courtesy Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology, copyright Brian Engh.

This artist’s conception shows Aquilops americanus in its early Cretaceous period ecosystem. Image courtesy Raymond M. Alf Museum of Paleontology, copyright Brian Engh.

Paleontologists have identified a species of horned dinosaur that lived in Montana more than 100 million years ago, the oldest known ceratopsian in North America.

The two foot-long animal – about as long as a crow or a raven – was an ancestor much larger horned and frilled creatures that roamed Cretaceous period landscapes on the continent.

Known as Aquilops americanus, the animal is a clue to a pattern of dinosaur migration from Asia to North America.

“Aquilops lived nearly 20 million years before the next oldest horned dinosaur named from North America,” Andrew A. Farke, a paleontologist at the Raymond A. Alf Museum of Paleontology in Claremont, Calif. and lead author of a paper documenting the discovery. “Even so, we were surprised that it was more closely related to Asian animals than those from North America.”

Those relatives included Liaoceratops yanzigouensis, another tiny predecessor of Triceratops, Styracosaurus, and other ceratopsian dinosaurs whose fossils were discovered in China and described in 2002.

Researchers found only the remnants of one, probably adolescent, Aquilops’ skull, about 84 millimeters long. But those bones are distinctive enough to set the fossils apart as a holotype. Among the most distinctive features of the skull is a downward-curving, bumped beak.

The Aquilops americanus fossils were found in 1997. The name means “American eagle face.”

The paper documenting the discovery was published in the Dec. 10 edition of PLOS One.

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